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By Amy Fass Emery

During this exam of the go among anthropology and literature in modern Latin the USA, Amy Fass Emery reviews how Latin American writers' reports and experiences within the box of anthropology have formed their representations of cultural Others in fiction. She ways her topic first in large phrases after which in shut textual readings of vital writers similar to Alejo Carpentier, Jos? Mar?a Arguedas, and Miguel Barnet. Emery develops the idea that of an "anthropological imagination"--that is, the conjunction of anthropology and literature in twentieth-century Latin American literary texts. whereas exploring the makes use of of anthropology in modern narrative and fiction, Emery additionally supplies attention to documentary and testimonial writings. the key concentration of this attractive paintings is the research of the radical. examining fictions by means of authors from Cuba, Argentina, Brazil, and Peru, Emery covers a large nation-state, in addition to a various crew of subject matters. topics resembling surrealist primitivism, the testimonio, the transcultural novel, and the relation of the anthropological mind's eye to the vexed query of postmodernism within the Latin American context are all given insightful deliberation. because the first prolonged research of interrelations among anthropology and literature in Latin the USA, Emery's paintings will turn out necessary to a large spectrum of Latin Americanists and to these with comparative pursuits in anthropology, twentieth-century literature, and postmodernism.

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There is a potential for exploitation of the marginal Other as raw anthropological material to be processed for consumption, a reflection of economic exploitation of the Third World. Finally, unlike in Patricio Manns's novel, the tape recorder as mediator is banished from the scene of the testimonio in such a way as to simulate the spontaneity of oral speech and thus occlude the process by which the anthropologist-interlocutor intervenes in order to produce, rather than merely record and transcribe, the final text.

25 Like Yúdice, John Beverley is concerned to distinguish testimonio "as an extraliterary or even antiliterary form of discourse" from traditional literary models such as the novel. "26 Inherent in this argument for authenticity is the conviction that the literary somehow denatures or taints the real and trivializes the Other's struggle against oppressive social forces. "27 Yúdice and Beverley are suspicious of the tendency of certain literary critics to analyze the testimonio as a rhetorical construct.

Page 3 Darcy Ribeiro, and Juan José Saerhave been both anthropologists and authors of fictional texts: this is the case with the Peruvian Arguedas and the Brazilian Ribeiro. Although he has written only literary, not scientific, texts, Barnet was trained as an ethnologist at the Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. Carpentier's anthropological imagination developed during his years in Paris, when avant-garde writers were closely allied with ethnographers (and sometimes also were ethnographers, as in the case of Michel Leiris, or wrote in an ethnographic mode, as did Georges Bataille).

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