By Antony Eastmond
The church of Hagia Sophia in Trebizond, outfitted by way of the emperor Manuel I Grand Komnenos (1238-63) within the aftermath of the autumn of Constantinople to the Fourth campaign, is the best surviving Byzantine imperial monument of its interval. paintings and identification in Thirteenth-Century Byzantium is the 1st research of the church in additional than thirty years, and is greatly illustrated in color and black-and-white, with many pictures that experience by no means formerly been released. Antony Eastmond examines the architectural, sculptural and painted of the church, putting them within the context of up to date advancements in other places within the Byzantine international, in Seljuq Anatolia and one of the Caucasian neighbours of Trebizond. wisdom of this region has been reworked within the final two decades, following the cave in of the Soviet Union. the hot proof that has emerged permits a considerably assorted interpretation of the church to be reached, and opens questions of cultural interchange at the borders of the Christian and Muslim worlds of jap Anatolia, the Caucasus and Persia. This learn makes use of the church and its ornament to check questions of Byzantine id and imperial ideology within the thirteenth century. this can be important to any realizing of the interval, because the fall of Constantinople in 1204 divided the Byzantine empire and compelled the successor states in Nicaea, Epiros and Trebizond to redefine their techniques of empire in exile. paintings is right here exploited as major historic facts for the character of imperial strength in a contested empire. it is strongly recommended that imperial identification was firm as a lot by way of craftsmen and expectancies of imperial energy as via the emperor's decree; and that this used to be a reputable substitute Byzantine id to that constructed within the empire of Nicaea.
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Extra info for Art and Identity in Thirteenth-Century Byzantium: Hagia Sophia and the Empire of Trebizond
However, that need not reflect a hierarchical relationship between each state's rulers. The church allows us to study the cultural orientation of the empire of Trebizond, and to see the degree to which art, piety and power were developed in association with Caucasian and Anatolian cultures. The requirement for the emperors of Trebizond to look east as much as west in their diplomacy suggests a need for them to tailor their presentation of power as much around local perceptions of power as Constantinopolitan ones.
GdoS Sophia Hagia at narthex the of bay north the of wall cast the from 5000, the of feeding The XVIII Sophia Hagia at narthex the of bay south the in vault the of side west the from Cana, at Feast Marriage The XIX world the of peoples the baptising apostles eight zone lower the preaching, Sophia. Hagia at porch north the of wall west the on Apostles the to Mission The XX Christ Disputing with the Doctors in the Temple; Christ Healing the Blind man at the Pool of Siloam, and the upper portion of the Baptism of Christ from the east side of the south bay of the narthex at Hagia Sophia XXI INTRODUCTION 11 This evidence for a new definition of Byzantium comes from sources that have largely been ignored by conventional historians: the material remains of the empire of Trebizond, and in particular the design and decoration of its churches.
The apse: the of vault Sophia, Hagia XI XII XIII Hagia Sophia: detail of the Ascension in the vault of the apse Mother of God and Christ child between archangels in conch of apse at I lagia Sophia F. ) on triumphal arch in front of apse at Hagia Sophia. On the vault above, a small fragment of the mandorla around the hetoimasia in the Pentecost is visible XV The Last Supper in the vault of the west arm of the naos at Hagia Sophia The Proclamation of the Word of God. gdoS Sophia Hagia at narthex the of bay north the of wall cast the from 5000, the of feeding The XVIII Sophia Hagia at narthex the of bay south the in vault the of side west the from Cana, at Feast Marriage The XIX world the of peoples the baptising apostles eight zone lower the preaching, Sophia.