By Manuel González Prada
Manuel Gonz?lez Prada used to be a robust Peruvian author and political reformer whose essays and speeches prompted generations of younger radicals. He based the celebration of nationwide cohesion in 1891, was once associated with the anarchist stream, and served as Director of the nationwide Library from 1912-1914. His writings have had huge, immense impression at the literary and political lifetime of Peru: taking on the safeguard of exploited indigenous humans, broadsiding the landowning oligarchy, and denouncing the social and political mistakes of the rustic. actually, the novel politics Prada recommended then are nonetheless alive and suitable this day: Modernization (secularization) of Peru, transformation of a country via its humans, advertising of internationalism (universalism) as opposed to overt patriotism (communitarianism), and condemnation of warfare. This translation relies at the Obras of Gonz?lez Prada, edited by way of Luis Alberto S?nchez. It contains essays, speeches and polemical writings drawn from of Prada's in basic terms books of prose released in the course of his lifetime, Paginas Libres and Horas de Lucha, as well as unpublished manuscripts and works formerly published in newspapers and magazines. His writings are amassed thematically lower than the subheadings "Peruvian Problems," "Anarchy," and "Philosophical, Literary, and Linguistic Problems."
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The tax system should be reformed, giving preference to indirect taxes (VI), raising the social condition of the worker (VII), and returning lands taken from indigenous communities (VIII). The army should be brought closer to the nation (X). Freedom of conscience, freedom of the press, the right to vote, freedom to hold meetings, and freedom of association should be guaranteed (IX). These proposals did not really go beyond those of Francisco Bilbao, who in his pamphlet Gobierno de la libertad (1855) proposed far more radical principles, such as a government without a representative system but based instead on committees.
B. 1895. Pa´ginas razonables. Lima: Centro de Propaganda Cato´lica. Two pamphlets of eighty-seven and eighty-eight pages, respectively. Gonza´lez Prada, Manuel. 1985–1989. Obras. Edition, prologue, and notes by Luis A. Sa´nchez. 7 vols. Lima: COPE. Guyau, Jean-Marie.  1943. El arte desde el punto de vista sociolo´gico. Buenos Aires: Suma. Kristal, Efraı´n. 1986. ” Revista de crı´tica literaria latinoamericana 23: 141–150. Maria´tegui, Jose´ Carlos. 1972. “Gonza´lez Prada” In Siete ensayos de interpretacio´n de la realidad peruana, 254–265.
Marxism), Prada can move on to a positive characterization of anarchy. Anarchy seeks, as already noted, the unlimited freedom of the human being. This is equivalent to saying that the individual should not be subjected to the state, nor to the Church, nor to humanity, nor to the people—as well as the greatest possible well-being, that is, individual happiness. The human being has a right to happiness that is not engraved in bibles or in laws, but in our hearts (Obras, 3:242). The decisive embodiment of anarchy is the individual, who rejects laws, religions, and nationalities (3:228).