By O.Oko Elechi
This learn examines the rules and practices of the Afikpo (Eugbo) Nigeria indigenous justice approach in modern occasions. Like so much African societies, the Afikpo indigenous justice method employs restorative, transformative and communitarian ideas in clash solution. Indigenous social and political associations that functionality as channels for clash answer and justice are tested. The Afikpo indigenous justice system's endured perceived reputation and legitimacy are mentioned, as is the foundation of the system's co-examined. The Afikpo indigenous justice approach' endured perceived recognition and legitimacy are mentioned, as is the root of the system's co-existence with the Nigerian country corporations for clash solution. The Afikpo indigenous is practical, powerful, specified, democratic and permits the participation of all group individuals. in keeping with its egalitarian global perspectives, crime is seen as a clash among group participants. because the basic stakeholders within the clash, sufferers, offenders, and the group are actively curious about the definition of damage and the crafting of recommendations applicable to all stakeholders. the standard and effectiveness of justice are measured throughout the health of sufferers and the group participants. Justice making can also be a chance for the second look of group values and socio-economic stipulations. The Afikpo indigenous justice process is victim-centered, humane and applies persuasive and re-integrative ideas in adjudicating justice.
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Extra info for Doing Justice Without the State: The Afikpo (Ehugbo) Nigeria Model (African Studies: History, Politics, Economics and Culture)
2. Who did it? 2. What are their needs? 3. What do they deserve? 3. Whose obligations are these? African indigenous justice systems apply restorative justice principles in the settlement of disputes. To appreciate the principles and processes of African indigenous judicial system, some understandings of the philosophical underpinnings of African concepts of justice will be appropriate. African Philosophy of Justice A brief review of the philosophical underpinnings of African principles of justice is pertinent.
The offense is viewed as a joint responsibility . . as a symptom that something is drastically wrong—and that something decisive is needed to correct it. . [T]he change called for is the transformation of a criminal justice system based on retaliation and disablement to a system based on reconciliation through mutual restitution. Restorative justice is participatory justice-making. Restorative justice is not a novel initiative it, rather mirrors ancient ways of settling disputes. It creates opportunities for the victim, the offender, their families, and the community, to be involved in defining harm and potential repair.
In indigenous African religion, God is recognized as the Supreme Being that created heaven and earth. God’s media of communication with human-beings are through other natural objects, such as “trees, rocks, rivers, and mountains, and rivers” (Gyekye 1996:6). This does not presuppose nature worship since the belief is that the objects are inhabited by spiritual beings who are intermediaries between God and humans. The belief in mystical power is a major aspect of the African religion. This mystical power is expressed through magic, which could be utilized by people with such endowment for good or evil.