Download Daily Life in Elizabethan England, 2nd Edition (The by Jeffrey L. Forgeng PDF

By Jeffrey L. Forgeng

Everyday life in Elizabethan England: moment version deals a clean examine Elizabethan lifestyles from the point of view of the folk who really lived it. With an abundance of updates according to the most up-tp-date study, this moment version presents an engaging—and occasionally surprising—picture of what it was once prefer to stay in this far-off time. Readers will research, for instance, that Elizabethans have been diligent recyclers, composting kitchen waste and accumulating previous rags for papermaking. they are going to observe that Elizabethans averaged under 2 inches shorter than their smooth British opposite numbers, and, in a stunning echo of our personal age, that many Elizabethan urban dwellers trusted carryout meals—albeit simply because they lacked kitchen amenities. What extra units the booklet aside is its "hands-on" method of the previous with the inclusion of tangible track, video games, recipes, and garments styles in line with fundamental assets.

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Additional info for Daily Life in Elizabethan England, 2nd Edition (The Greenwood Press Daily Life Through History Series)

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The Council numbered a bit over a dozen men, hand-selected by the monarch, and drawing heavily from men of gentry background, in contrast with medieval councils that had been dominated by aristocrats. The Privy Council supervised national defense, regulated commerce, heard sensitive judicial cases, managed government finances, and supervised the operations of government. They also deliberated matters of pol- 32 Daily Life in Elizabethan England icy, although the Queen always had the final say. The monarch, and the Council acting in the monarch’s name, had some power to issue decrees enforceable at law, but the exact extent of these powers was ill-defined.

Royal government operated at the local level through the country’s 39 shires or counties. In the Middle Ages, the crown’s main representative in the shire had been the sheriff, but by Elizabeth’s day, the sheriffs had been reduced to a managerial role. Each shire also had a Lord Lieutenant, responsible for military matters, and a coroner (literally “crowner”), whose investigated suspicious deaths in case the government needed to pursue a criminal indictment. The most important organ of government in the shires was the Commission of the Peace.

Most did agricultural work, but depending on local opportunities, there might be other options: metalworking (especially making small wares like nails or knives), weaving, pottery, charcoal burning, and mining, were all common sources of income for a rural cottager and would eventually lead to urbanization of some of these rural communities during the Industrial Revolution. At the very base of the rural hierarchy were the servants and laborers who had no homes of their own and were entirely dependent on others for both lodging and livelihood.

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