Download Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health by Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev PDF

By Sergey Mikhalovsky, Abdukhakim Khajibaev

This e-book specializes in defence opposed to organic struggle with an emphasis on purposes of contemporary applied sciences and complicated fabrics in detection, well-being safeguard and clinical therapy of the inhabitants. particular subject matters contain high-throughput delicate detection tools, complicated nanostructured fabrics and strategies for exterior and inner security of human well-being, in addition to extracorporeal equipment, adsorptive fabrics and bacteriophages decontaminating the human organism, and neutralising integrated CBRN brokers. The contributions describe contemporary advancements within the box of biodefence aimed toward holding inhabitants opposed to terrorism and terror similar occasions. Broader methods to lowering the influence of environmental toxins on human wellbeing and fitness and enhancing potency of clinical therapy of sufferers with viral infections, poisoning and organ failure also are mentioned.

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Extra info for Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - A: Chemistry and Biology)

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They can be neutral (atomic or molecular) or charged (ionic or ionic-molecular) complexes or ensembles of molecules, atoms and ions. Chemical properties of nano-objects are related to their: ( a) nano-dimensions, which are comparable to the size of individual molecules; (b) dependence of nanophase properties on particle size; (c) unusual shape (tubes, tapes, rods, spheres); (d) large surface area, etc. 3 Toxicity of Nano-Objects At present nanotechnology is often perceived as a panacea for solving many global problems.

Kharlamov et al. 8 TEM images of the tips of silicon carbide nanothreads 3 Toxicology of Nano-Objects 29 negligible. The reaction occurs because the local temperature and respective vapour pressure in the vicinity of the reactive zone is much higher than the temperature and vapour pressure across the reactor creating a nanocentre of growth of an isotropic particle. Melting of the nanocentre and sublimation of the reagents in its vicinity is facilitated by the heat of the exothermic reaction. The evaporating atoms are mainly transported in the direction of the molten nanocentre forming a carbide product.

Theor Exp Chem 38(1):59–63 10. Kharlamov AI, Kirillova NV, Loytchenko SV (2002) Synthesis of elongated nanostructures of silicon carbide from powdery silicon and carbon. Proc Ukr Acad Sci 10:98–105 11. Kharlamov AI, Kharlamova GA, Kirillova NV, Fomenko VV (2008) Persistent organic pollutants at nanotechnology and their impact on people health. In: Mehmetli E, Koumanova B (eds) The fate of persistent organic pollutants in the environment. Springer, pp 425–441 12. Kharlamov AI,K Kirillova NV, Zaytseva ZA (2007) Novel state of carbon: transparent threadlike anisotropic crystals.

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