By Committee on Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants, Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
January 2012 observed the of completion of the U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics Agency's (CMA's) activity to break ninety percentage of the nation's stockpile of chemical guns. CMA accomplished destruction of the chemical brokers and linked guns deployed in a foreign country, that have been transported to Johnston Atoll, southwest of Hawaii, and demilitarized there. the remainder 10 percentage of the nation's chemical guns stockpile is kept at continental U.S. depots, in Lexington, Kentucky, and Pueblo, Colorado. Their destruction has been assigned to a separate U.S. military association, the Assembled Chemical guns possible choices (ACWA) Element.
ACWA is at the moment developing the final chemical guns disposal amenities, the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot crops (denoted PCAPP and BGCAPP), with guns destruction actions scheduled to begin in 2015 and 2020, respectively. ACWA is charged with destroying the mustard agent stockpile at Pueblo and the nerve and mustard agent stockpile at Blue Grass with no utilizing the a number of incinerators and furnaces used on the 5 CMA demilitarization crops that handled assembled chemical guns - munitions containing either chemical brokers and explosive/propulsive elements. the 2 ACWA demilitarization amenities are congressionally mandated to hire noncombustion-based chemical neutralization strategies to spoil chemical agents.
In order to soundly function its disposal vegetation, CMA built equipment and systems to observe chemical agent illness of either secondary waste material and plant structural parts. ACWA at the moment plans to undertake those equipment and tactics to be used at those amenities. The Assessment of Agent tracking thoughts for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants document additionally develops and describes a half-dozen situations concerning potential ACWA secondary waste characterization, procedure apparatus upkeep and changeover actions, and closure agent decontamination demanding situations, the place direct, real-time agent illness measurements on surfaces or in porous bulk fabrics could enable extra effective and doubtless more secure operations if compatible analytical know-how is offered and affordable.
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Extra info for Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo: Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
WASTE GENERATION AND MONITORING OVERVIEW The various waste streams generated at BGCAPP and PCAPP can be classified as primary or secondary: Primary waste streams. , explosives removed and agent drained from munitions) that are treated on-site, and Secondary waste streams. Those generated by activities either in support of or downstream of the primary processes for agent and energetics destructionfor example, activated carbon, used demilitarization protective ensemble (DPE) suits, dunnage, and so on that ultimately leave the facility.
The buckets will be conveyed to the EBH room. The three EBHs are large rotating vessels, similar to the drum of a cement mixer truck, that have discontinuous helical flights used to mix the components as the EBH rotates.. Once in the EBH room, a robot will pick up each bucket and raise it to a platform near the top of the EBHs. A second robot will then move the bucket from the platform to an EBH, where the contents are dumped into the EBH. This area will be Category A, susceptible to both liquid and vapor contamination.
The hydrolysate from the EBHs will then be sent to the SCWO units, where the products are oxidized to water, carbon dioxide, and salts. The energetics hydrolysate will be blended with the agent hydrolysate to prevent salt components from potentially solidifying within the SCWO unit; the blending forms a eutectic that lowers the melting point of the blended components below the temperature of the SCWO reactors. The inner liner of the SCWO reactors is made of titanium. 6 weeks. For the H blended feed, the liner is not expected to require replacement since the expected replacement interval of 75 weeks for Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.