Download Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, by Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, PDF

By Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera

Legal ontologies have proved the most important for representing, processing and retrieving felony details, and may collect an expanding value within the rising framework of the Semantic net. regardless of the various examine tasks within the box, a collective mirrored image at the theoretical foundations of criminal ontology engineering was once nonetheless lacking. This ebook bridges the distance, via exploring present methodologies and theoretical techniques to criminal ontologies. It gathers sixteen papers, every one of them featuring matters and ideas for ontology engineering regarding a selected method of, or point of, the legislation: comparative legislation, case-based reasoning, multilingualism, complicated- platforms, sociolegal research, felony concept, social ontology, ontology studying, computational ontology, carrier ontology, cognitive technological know-how, record modelling, huge criminal databases, medical, linguistic and legal-technology views. The publication will hence curiosity researchers in felony informatics, man made intelligence and legislation, felony thought, felony philosophy, felony sociology, comparative legislations, in addition to builders of functions in keeping with the clever administration of criminal details, in either e-commerce and e-government (e-administration, e-justice, e-democracy).

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Extra info for Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, Methodologies

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10 shows the conceptualisation of person as presented by Puchta. In this case concepts are structured in various degrees of depth forming hierarchical chains based on the inclusion relation: charitable foundations isa universitas bonorum; universitas bonorum is-a legal person; legal person is-a person. Secondly, operational families of legal concepts gather together concepts which are semantically related and form a functional set. The example presented in Fig. 11 includes the central concept of obligation and related concepts like debt, object of the obligation or payment.

Eu 1 A rich literature exists on the definition of explicit knowledge, usually to contrast it with implicit knowledge. A landmark contribution to the distinction is (Polanyi 1966), where explicit knowledge is defined as codifiable knowledge due to its propositional form. On the contrary, implicit knowledge is usually non propositional and therefore difficult to codify. G. Sartor et al. V. 2011 15 16 M. Fernández-Barrera and G. Sartor particular we can speak of an implicit or unspoken law that we can refer to as the discourse of legal practice.

This is probably where the methods of legal doctrine require the contribution of the methodologies and approaches of legal sociology and legal anthropology,5 for necessarily limited to traditional legal professions (lawyers, barristers, judges, . ), but including other professionals having somehow to do with the law, such as mediators, economists, university professors, or the so-called paralegal professionals (Casanovas 1998). ” (Eraut 2007). Similarly, in the legal field, “professional knowledge of a legal topic [.

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