By Jan Sihar Aritonang, Karel Steenbrink
Indonesia is the house of the most important unmarried Muslim group of the realm. Its Christian group, approximately 10 according to cent of the inhabitants, has before acquired no total description in English. via cooperation of 26 Indonesian and ecu students, Protestants and Catholics, a wide and balanced photo is given of its 24 million Christians. This booklet sketches the expansion of Christianity in the course of the Portuguese interval (1511-1605), it provides a good account of advancements below the Dutch colonial management (1605-1942) and is extra complicated during the Indonesian Republic (since 1945). It emphasizes the local transformations during this large state, simply because so much Christians reside outdoor the most island of Java. Muslim-Christian kinfolk, in addition to the tensions among overseas missionaries and native theology, obtain specific recognition.
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Additional info for A History of Christianity in Indonesia (Studies in Christian Mission)
Though Hitu was regarded as Muslim, in fact smaller places dependent on Hitu remained pagan until the beginning of the seventeenth century. Secondly, cloves did not grow on Ambon before 1500, when they were brought from Hoamoal, the western peninsula of Seram. When the Portuguese catholic converts, 1512–1680 33 arrived on the coast of Hitu (1512), they could not yet buy any cloves. By the 1530s however Hitu had became an exporter of cloves. In the time of the VOC Ambon became the main clove producing island, especially after the Dutch destroyed all trees outside Ambon and the so-called Lease Islands: Haruku, Saparua and Nusa Laut.
Therefore, the religious motive was one of the most important motivations in the establishment of the closer links between the Acehnese sultanate and the Ottomans. An informal alliance between them had in fact existed by the end of the 1530s. Their relationship became certainly stronger with the increasing encroachment of the kafir Portuguese, who in 1521 had established a fort at neighbouring Pasai. The Acehnese Sultan ʚAli al-Mughayat Shah (r. 1511–1530), however, expelled them from Pasai in 1524.
South Halmahera, Makian and Bacan belong to the South Halmahera West-Guinea group of languages, whereas Ambon and the South Moluccas belong to the CentralMalayo-Polynesian group, an Austronesian subgroup, which differs considerably from the pure, or Western, Malay languages. All this points to a mixed population of Papuan-Malay-Polynesian stock. To communicate among the different groups—sometimes even among neighbouring villages—the islanders had to use the Malay of Malacca, which was introduced by traders and used also by Francis Xavier.