By Tomáš Došek, Flavia Freidenberg, Mariana Caminotti, Betilde Muñoz-Pogossian
This ebook discusses the present developments in women’s illustration and their function in politics in Latin American nations from 3 assorted views. to begin with, the authors study cultural, political-partisan and organizational stumbling blocks that girls face in and out of doors associations. Secondly, the ebook explores boundaries in political truth, resembling gender laws implementation, public management and overseas cooperation, and proposes strategies, supported by way of profitable studies, emphasising the nonlinearity of the implementation approach. Thirdly, the authors spotlight the function of girls in politics on the subnational point. The publication combines educational services in numerous disciplines with contributions from practitioners inside of nationwide and foreign associations to expand the reader’s knowing of girls in Latin American politics.
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Additional info for Women, Politics, and Democracy in Latin America
In the Brazilian and Argentine cases, Marx et al. (2007) note the existence of gender bias: (i) in parliamentary 34 N. I. e. those related to social policy) as female and others male (economy and finance). On occasion, the logic behind the cursus honorum, according to which positions are distributed based on political capital, represents a serious limitation to the professionalization of the legislative careers of new arrivals. The media also has a direct responsibility for the creation and reinforcement of gender stereotypes, because they present facts and news related to women’s candidatures or leaderships reproducing visions related to domestic or family roles, and roles related to private life (Llanos 2014).
This is because women’s greater presence in politics can bring in new ideas and draw attention to important issues that have previously been overlooked (Franceschet and Piscopo 2008; Childs 2004). With a larger pool of potential candidates, parties can compete more effectively with better candidates (Nugent and Krook 2016; Anzia and Berry 2011). Finally, with the signal of the openness of political institutions, citizens can be encouraged to participate politically—helping to deepen democratic accountability and to enhance democratic legitimacy (Beaman et al.
Between 1991 and 2015, 17 countries from the region adopted N. I. Tula (*) Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina © The Author(s) 2017 T. Došek et al. 1057/978-1-349-95009-6_3 29 30 N. I. e. electoral courts). The impact of gender quotas has thus not been consistent throughout the region. On the contrary, political, electoral, legal, and cultural factors have conditioned their effects. 2 Moreover, the civic expectations generated by the adoption of these laws remain unsatisfied. Norberto Bobbio (1987), in The Future of Democracy, analyzes the gap between ideal and real democracy, outlining six unfulfilled promises related to subjects that created great expectations but were blocked in practice.