Download Spain, 1808-1975 (Oxford History of Modern Europe) by Raymond Carr PDF

By Raymond Carr

The 1st variation of this booklet was once released in 1966. It grew to become a regular paintings as a survey of financial, social, and political origins of recent Spain top as much as the plain defeat of the liberal culture with common Franco's victory within the Civil warfare. on the grounds that 1966 there was a revolution in Spanish historiography. The extra sleek historical past of Spain, a ignored, even harmful box, nearly unexplored, has in view that come into its personal. during this version, Raymond Carr has additional new chapters that research Francoism, its political method, and the society it sustained. He brings the tale as much as the demise of basic Franco in 1975, and in an in depth bibliographical essay considers the hot contribution of Spanish students to the interval 1808-1939.

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Extra info for Spain, 1808-1975 (Oxford History of Modern Europe)

Sample text

Xiv- CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE THE COLLAPSE OF THE ANCIEN RÉGIME, THE FRENCH INVASION, AND THE CORTES OF CADIZ 1808-1814 1807 December Napoleon gives orders for the military occupation of Spain. 1808 18-19 March Motín de la Granja: abdication of Charles IV, fall of Godoy, accession of Ferdinand VII. 10 April Ferdinand VII leaves Madrid to meet Napoleon. 2 May Popular rising at Madrid against Murat. 5 May Charles IV and Ferdinand VII resign the Crown to Napoleon at Bayonne; insurrection spreads in Spain.

1 April General Franco announces the end of the Civil War. 1939 4 September Spain declares its neutrality. 1940 13 June Declaration of non-belligerency. 16 October Serrano Suñer appointed Foreign Minister. 23 October Hendaye meeting between Hitler and Franco. 1941 June Blue Division recruited. 1942 16 August Begoña incident. 3 September Dismissal of Serrano Suñer and General Varela. 1945 19 March Don Juan's Lausanne Manifesto against Franco. 17 July Spaniards' Charter promulgated (Fuero de los Españoles).

The social and economic changes of the nineteenth century were often dramatic and far reaching; but they were sporadic in incidence, a characteristic that was to produce economic imbalance and to underly civil war. Thus by 1930, when a Roman would still have felt at home on an Andalusian estate, Catalonia contained some of the largest textile concerns in Europe and the immigrant labour, which poured into the Catalan towns in order to escape the wretchedness of rural life, brought into the labour movements of a modern industrial civilization the millenarian tradition of peasants and landless labourers.

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