Download Latin America and the Caribbean in the Global Context: Why by Betty Horwitz PDF

By Betty Horwitz

Current views on Latin America’s position on the planet are inclined to concentrate on one query: Why is Latin the US continually falling at the back of? Analysts and students provide solutions grounded in historical past, financial underdevelopment, or democratic consolidation. Bagley and Horwitz, in spite of the fact that, shift the critical query to invite why and to what volume does Latin the USA subject in global politics, either now and within the future.

This textual content takes a holistic method of study Latin America’s position within the foreign procedure. It invokes a mix of worldwide, local, and sub-regional degrees to evaluate Latin America’s insertion right into a globalized global, in historic, modern, and forward-looking views. traditional diplomacy idea and paradigms, brought before everything, supply an invaluable lens wherein to view 4 key topics: political economic climate, safeguard, transnational concerns and threats, and democratic consolidation. the entire photograph offered by way of this e-book breaks down the evolving energy relationships within the hemisphere and the ways that clash and cooperation play out via foreign businesses and relations.

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Example text

Countries like Mexico had oil and gold, which had no substitute and for which there was steady demand. 29 Economic underdevelopment coupled with endemic inequality and weak state institutions left LAC states vulnerable to foreign intervention. Spain, for example, made an unsuccessful attempt in the 1860s to re-establish colonial rule in the Dominican Republic and the islands off the coast of Peru, succeeding only in putting down an independence struggle in Cuba between 1868 and 1878. In the end, it kept Cuba and Puerto Rico as its only colonial foothold in the Americas.

This was only resolved—at the expense of democratic institutions—when the caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas became the unchallenged dictator of Argentina. His downfall came only when he tried to forcefully incorporate Uruguay and Paraguay, prompting an international intervention by Britain and France. Nevertheless, a precedent had been set. Fueled by admiration for those who pursued and killed the native population only to replace them with European immigrants, the caudillo tradition remained strong.

Most criollos initially remained loyal to Ferdinand VII, proclaiming independence in the Americas on his behalf. 15 The original plan of the criollo leadership was to achieve a rather painless transition of power. 16 But this plan was flawed. The Latin American societies were very different from those of their British counterparts. The principles that inspired independence movements in New Spain needed to be adapted to colonial structures fit only to export commodities and primary goods. These conditions meant that the new leaders in Spanish America needed to decide what to do about their populations, the majority of whom remained poor, subjugated, and without equitable legal rights.

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