By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Committee on Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons in States Beyond the Former Soviet Union
Based on a request from the U.S. Congress, this e-book examines how the original event and wide services of the dept of safeguard (DOD) may be prolonged to lessen the specter of bioterrorism inside of constructing international locations open air the previous Soviet Union (FSU). in past times 12 years, DOD has invested $800 million in lowering the danger from bioterrorism with roots within the states of the FSU. The program's accomplishments are many fold. the chance of bioterrorism in different nations is simply too nice for DOD to not be one of the leaders in addressing threats past the FSU. considering attainable sensitivities a few U.S. army presence, DOD should still have interaction governments in approximately ten constructing nations outdoor the FSU in organic possibility relief courses through the subsequent 5 years. each time attainable, DOD may still companion with different enterprises that experience good proven humanitarian reputations within the nations of curiosity. for instance, the U.S. service provider for overseas improvement, the facilities for disorder keep an eye on and Prevention, and the realm healthiness association might be regarded as power companions.
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Additional info for Countering Biological Threats: Challenges for the Department of Defense's Nonproliferation Program Beyond the Former Soviet Union
14 United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540. 2004. Press Release SC/8076. htm. Accessed November 26, 2008. SECURITY CONTEXT FOR GEOGRAPHICAL EXPANSION OF BTRP 41 course, many of the items on the control list have dual-use capabilities, and the impact of the implementation of the guidelines on legitimate trade activities is a constant concern. A third development of special relevance to this report is the promulgation of the World Health Organization (WHO) 2005 International Health Regulations.
New York: Vintage Books. S. government-wide criteria for ranking countries of concern, although the Department of State, CDC, and other organizations are developing their own models in this regard. See, for example, International Biological Threat Reduction Program, Sandia National Laboratories. 2009. Global Biological Threat Prioritization Pilot Study. Unclassified summary provided to the committee, January 12, 2009. 34 COUNTERING BIOLOGICAL THREATS TABLE 1-2 Characteristics of Fissile Materials and Pathogens Fissile Materials Biological Pathogens Do not exist in nature Nonliving, synthetic Difficult and costly to produce Not diverse: plutonium and highly enriched uranium are the only fissile materials used in nuclear weapons Can be inventoried and tracked in a quantitative manner Can be detected at a distance from the emission of ionizing radiation Weapons-grade material are stored at a limited number of military nuclear sites Few nonmilitary applications (such as research reactors, thermoelectric generators, and production of radioisotopes) Generally found in nature Living, replicative Easy and cheap to produce Highly diverse: more than 20 pathogens are suitable for biological warfare Because pathogens reproduce, inventory control is unreliable Cannot be detected at a distance with available technologies Pathogens are present in many types of facilities and at multiple locations within a facility Many legitimate applications in biomedical research and the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries SOURCE: Tucker, J.
10 Country priorities are being addressed by an interagency committee assisted by private-sector specialists. See, for example, International Biological Threat Reduction Program, Sandia National Laboratories. 2009. Global Biological Threat Prioritization Pilot Study. Unclassified summary provided to the committee, January 12, 2009. S. government in prioritizing countries for BTRP engagement and in developing BTRP engagement strategies and programs. They provided supporting material for the recommendations set forth in this report.