By Stefan Wrbka, Steven Van Uytsel, Mathias Siems
This quantity of essays attracts jointly examine on kinds of collective activities: workforce activities, consultant activities, try case tactics, spinoff activities and sophistication activities. the main target is on how those activities can increase entry to justice and on tips to stability the pursuits of non-public actors in maintaining their rights with the pursuits of society as a complete. instead of concentrating on collective activities basically as a procedural equipment according to se, the participants to this ebook additionally study how those mechanisms relate to their broader social context. Bringing jointly a huge variety of scholarship from the parts of pageant, patron, environmental, corporation and securities legislations, the ebook comprises contributions from Asian, eu and North American students and hence expands the scope of the normal ecu and/or American debate.
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Extra resources for Collective Actions: Enhancing Access to Justice and Reconciling Multilayer Interests?
The Florence Project and access to justice One of the most important studies in the field of access to justice is the Florence Access-to-Justice Project (Florence Project) carried out under the leadership of Mauro Cappelletti at the European University Institute, Florence, in the 1970s. 15 It confirmed what had already been claimed for a long time: Present legal systems neither sufficiently nor effectively protect citizens’ rights and interests. Various obstacles to a sound system of access to justice can be detected, of which the cost issue might be considered one of the most serious and perhaps the oldest of these barriers.
The book includes perspectives on collective actions in consumer law, competition law, company law, securities law and environmental law. These various fields of law have been analyzed by using the concepts of access to justice and multilayer interests to reveal the benefits and shortcomings of collective actions. By then connecting this analysis to various geographical areas, the book explains that there is still ample room for improvement: We have not yet reached the ideal state. In this sense, timeless meaning can be given to what Cappelletti and Garth wrote more than thirty years ago: ‘[a]nd, if it is true that effective, not merely formal, 62 See Commission Staff Working Document Public Consultation: towards a coherent European approach to collective redress, 4 February 2011, SEC (2011) 173 final.
Akinori Uesugi argues that Japan has for a long time focused on the public interests underlying competition law. Therefore, the enforcement mechanisms in the Japanese Antimonopoly Act (AMA) were centred on the Japan Fair Trade Commission and, to a lesser extent, the Tokyo 16 access to justice and collective actions High Court. As the Japanese government is in the process of revising its AMA to yield the factors that have been identified as hampering a good functioning public enforcement system, Uesugi purports that this should provide the chance to reform the private enforcement system.