By Mary McAuley
Regardless of their very varied histories, societies, political and criminal structures, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislations breakers, imprisoning many extra youngsters than the other eu international locations. The publication relies at the author's basic study in Russia within which she visited a dozen closed associations from St Petersburg to Krasnoyarsk and on comparable examine in England and northern Ireland. The result's a distinct research of ways attitudes to early life crime and felony justice, the political surroundings and the connection among kingdom and society have interacted to steer the remedy of younger offenders. McAuley's account of the twists and turns in coverage in the direction of adolescence remove darkness from the extreme heritage of Russia within the 20th century and the making of social coverage in Russia today. It can also be the 1st examine to match the united kingdom (excluding Scotland as a result of its separate juvenile justice approach) with Russia, a comparability which highlights the criteria chargeable for the making of 'punitive' coverage within the societies. McAuley locations the Russian and united kingdom guidelines in a ecu context, aiming to bare how different ecu international locations be ready to positioned such a lot of fewer little ones at the back of bars. Mary McAuley is an affiliate of the foreign Centre for felony experiences, King's university, London. She was once Fellow in Politics at St Hilda's collage Oxford till 1995, with prior posts on the universities of York and Essex. From 1996 to 2002 she ran the Ford Foundation's Moscow workplace. regardless of their very various histories, societies, political and criminal platforms, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislation breakers, imprisoning many extra youngsters than the other ecu nations. The publication is predicated at the author's fundamental study in Russia during which she visited a dozen closed associations from St Petersburg to Krasnoyarsk and on comparable study in England and northerly eire. the result's a different research of ways attitudes to adolescence crime and legal justice, the political surroundings and the connection among kingdom and society have interacted to persuade the remedy of younger offenders. McAuley's account of the twists and turns in coverage in the direction of early life remove darkness from the intense background of Russia within the 20th century and the making of social coverage in Russia this present day. it's also the 1st research to check the united kingdom (excluding Scotland due to its separate juvenile justice method) with Russia, a comparability which highlights the criteria chargeable for the making of 'punitive' coverage within the societies. McAuley locations the Russian and united kingdom rules in a ecu context, aiming to bare how different ecu nations be capable to positioned such a lot of fewer little ones in the back of bars. regardless of their very varied histories, societies, political and criminal structures, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislation breakers, imprisoning many extra teenagers than the other ecu international locations. The publication is a different learn of ways attitudes to early life crime and felony justice, the political atmosphere and the connection among kingdom and society have interacted to persuade the therapy of younger offenders. it's also the 1st examine to match the united kingdom with Russia, putting their regulations in a eu context to bare how different eu nations be able to placed many fewer kids at the back of bars.
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Extra resources for Children in Custody: Anglo-Russian Perspectives
The acquiring of social roles, norms, and values. It is the age during which the process of socialization of the individual is taking place . . and this requires widening and increasing the individual’s links with the outside world, with the community. (Поздняков: 11) How can a closed institution teach a child the skills needed to function in an open society? Can one teach a child to swim in a swimming-pool without water? indd 19 9/15/09 9:12:42 AM 20 CHILDREN IN CUSTODY It is not surprising to hear from the head school teacher in a colony: Although the colony, I tell the kids, is called educational, we don’t re-educate you here.
Indd 35 9/15/09 8:59:18 AM 36 CHILDREN IN CUSTODY of symbols, figures and images by means of which the penal process is represented to its various audiences (Garland 1990: 17), and this means that it can take very different forms. Today, politicians, the media, penal reformers, judges and the public – with different voices in different societies – will cite a number of aims that sentencing should be achieving: retribution, deterrence of the individual or of others, safeguarding society from danger, rehabilitation of the individual (morally or in terms of skills), compensation for damage to the victim or the community.
There is great variety, across a range of societies, in today’s responses to deviant youth and, in particular, in the use of custody: some societies lock up large numbers, some only a handful. Societies, it seems, can manage perfectly well without locking up large numbers of their children. There is no reason why Russia or England should not follow this example. Disheartening: • Societies struggle to find ways to cope with errant youth. ‘Modern’ society has a patchy record and too often resorts to using a criminal justice system (a blunt and inappropriate instrument) to deal with wayward behaviour by children.