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314. Reeve, 'Viscount Dorchester', p. 15; P. Collinson, The religion of Protestants (Oxford, 1982), pp. , 282, and passim; Russell, 'Career of John Pym', pp. 159ff. " There were still armed soldiers in England, the kingdom's treasure was wasted, crown lands were sold, forests disafforested, trade decayed and shipping lost. 101 Hatred for Buckingham was intense; by 1628 the driving forces behind it were all-encompassing religious fear and a growing suspicion about the integrity of the monarch. The animosity towards the duke was the measure of the power of these forces - forces which Charles, in rejecting the remonstrance and again refusing to sacrifice Buckingham, would turn more and more against himself.

Wentworth had effectively selected himself. He was the abler man; he had not launched explicit public attacks on Buckingham as had Eliot in 1626 and 1628; and very significantly he favoured (as did Weston) a policy of peace with Spain. By the summer of 1628 Buckingham was considering an end to the Spanish war, and peace with Spain became the cornerstone of state policy during Weston's years of power. 125 Weston strengthened the pro-Spanish interest at court as the year progressed. He effected a reconciliation between Charles and Arundel and the earl was readmitted to the Council in October.

1 1 3 - 1 4 . Laud and Dorchester also felt deeply the loss of a patron and ally. See Lockyer, Buckingham, p. 4 5 4 ; SP16/114/7, SP16/114/17, SP16/116/4; Laud, Works, vii, pp. 1 6 , 1 7 n - 1 8 n . Russell, Crisis of Parliaments, p. 308; Gardiner, History, vii, pp. 227—8. Clarendon, Rebellion, vol. i, p. 38. SP16/123/7. AGS, E2517, fo. 74; NUL, N e . C , 15,404, p. 2 1 5 ; Birch, i, pp. 3 9 6 - 7 ; SP16/529/15. Lockyer, Buckingham, pp. 4 5 8 , 4 6 0 - 1 ; Hibbard, Popish plot, p. 2 5 6 n. 55; Birch, i, p.

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