By Stephane Saulnier
Ranging from the seminal paintings of the French student Annie Jaubert at the date of the final Supper, the current paintings revisits recognized - and identifies new - calendrical matters within the literature of moment Temple Judaism. The study helps the realization that every one recognized calendrical traditions functioned at the guideline that orthopraxis in historical Judaism intended shut interconnection among cultic and agricultural cycles. From this attitude the ebook eliminates the calendrical objection leveled on the Jaubertian concept. additional, the learn brings new gentle on present debates approximately Qumran calendrical files and proposes the id of a formerly unknown calendrical polemic within the Astronomical ebook of Enoch in regards to the synchronization of the 364DY culture with the lunar cycle.
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Additional info for Calendrical variations in Second Temple Judaism : new perspectives on the "Date of the Last Supper" debate
75 Further indication of the tradition is found in the Book of Adam and Eve: Let us do this three times a week, throughout our life, on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday. 76 The mention of suffering on Wednesday can only make sense in the context of a Wednesday start of the Passion of Jesus. There is no literary dependence on either the Didascalia or Victorinus. One must therefore go back to a Jewish-Christian milieu, probably of the second century, to find the origins of a tradition common to the sources considered above.
Tertulian, Jejun. 7:12 (Griechische Christliche Schriftsteller 17, ed. Stählin, Liepzig) 54, vol. III. See Jaubert, date de la cène, 61. 54 To these days was to be added Sunday, “the day of the Lord” (Rev 1:10), the day of Christian assembly (Acts 20:7). ”55 These days of commemoration were predisposed to be taken over from an ancient liturgy and to be reinterpreted in the light of the formative event of early Christianity: the Passion, death and resurrection of Christ. 56 As well as a marked preference for the liturgical days of the week, other indications pointed in the direction of a transition from the Old Priestly ritual to the Christian liturgy.
73 In the treatise De Fabrica Mundi, in a section which treats of the days of creation, Victorinus writes: L’homme Jésus Christ, auteur des choses que nous avons mentionnées plus haut, a été arrêté par les impies le quatrième jour. 74 Victorinus does not appear to depend on the Didascalia for his account. There existed, therefore, a tradition, common to Victorinus and the Didascalia, which held that the arrest took place on the fourth day of the week, Wednesday, during the night. 75 Further indication of the tradition is found in the Book of Adam and Eve: Let us do this three times a week, throughout our life, on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.