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By Charles P. Bourne

Each box of historical past has a uncomplicated want for a close chronology of what occurred: who did what while. within the absence of this type of source, fanciful money owed flourish. This booklet offers a wealthy narrative of the early improvement of on-line info retrieval structures and providers, from 1963 to 1976--a interval vital to an individual who makes use of a seek engine, on-line catalog, or huge database. Drawing on own event, huge study, and interviews with the various key members, the publication describes the contributors, initiatives, and associations of the interval. It additionally corrects many universal blunders and misconceptions and offers milestones for lots of of the numerous advancements in on-line platforms and expertise.

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Extra resources for A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976

Sample text

Also, it is not clear whether or not this was an online system. Most of the reports suggest that it was not online in 1963. For example, the Research Directorate Report for 1963 described how much progress had been made with Synthex in increasing understanding of natural language processing, but made no mention of online. According to the report, Protosynthex was “nearing completion,” and further, “This protosynthex uses the learning parser . . as a basis for obtaining the dependencies used for matching the structure of questions and of proposed answers” (Simmons et al.

They chartered SDC in 1957 as a not-for-profit organization “to serve the public welfare and security of the United States in its fields of special technical competence—the behavioral and information system sciences” (111). S. Air Force (USAF), using its own system training concept and machinery for building nationwide, simulation-based training exercises. Rand was concerned about the possible appearance of a conflict of interest between its role in giving disinterested advice to the USAF and having a division that was selling products and services to the USAF (Cuadra 1997).

McCabe and Farr (1966) reported on the system design study for Phase I of the LAPD (Los Angeles Police Department) Information System conducted between June 1965 and January 1966 jointly by LAPD and SDC. The major study product was documentation of a concept for the design and operation of an automatic information system for crime and related reports, wanted and warrant information, and field interview information. As used in this project, TEXTIR operated in a time-shared, remote-access online mode.

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