Download A brief history of computing by Gerard O'Regan PDF

By Gerard O'Regan

This vigorous and engaging textual content strains the most important advancements in computation – from 3000 B.C. to the current day – in an easy-to-follow and concise demeanour. issues and lines: perfect for self-study, supplying many pedagogical gains reminiscent of chapter-opening key issues, bankruptcy introductions and summaries, workouts, and a thesaurus; provides specific details on significant figures in computing, equivalent to Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; stories the historical past of software program engineering and of programming languages, together with syntax and semantics; discusses the growth of man-made intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics; examines the influence on society of the advent of the private machine, the realm large net, and the improvement of cellphone know-how; follows the evolution of a few significant know-how businesses, together with IBM, Microsoft and Apple.

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The University of Manchester’s experimental Transistor Computer was one of the earliest transistor computers. The prototype machine appeared in 1953, and the fullsize version was commissioned in 1955. The prototype machine had 92 pointcontact transistors. 3 Integrated Circuits The first Integrated Circuit was invented in 1958 by Jack Kilby who was working for Texas Instruments. Kilby together with Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductors came up with a solution to the problem of large numbers of components with the development of the integrated circuit.

One of the most striking Islamic sites in Spain is the palace of Alhambra in Granada, and this site represents the zenith of Islamic art. 20 1 Computing in Early Civilisations continued until the time of the Catholic Monarchs27 in the fifteenth century. Ferdinand and Isabella united Spain, defeated the Moors and expelled them from the country. Islamic mathematicians and scholars were based in several countries including the Middle East, North Africa and Spain. Early work commenced in Baghdad, and the mathematicians were influenced by the work of Hindu mathematicians who had introduced the decimal system and decimal numerals.

16 1 Computing in Early Civilisations Aquinas,19 a thirteenth-century Christian theologian and philosopher, was deeply influenced by Aristotle and referred to him as the philosopher. e. he believed that all knowledge was gained by sense experience), and he used some of Aristotle’s arguments to offer five proofs of the existence of God. These arguments included the cosmological argument and the design argument. The cosmological argument used Aristotle’s ideas on the scientific method and causation.

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