By Phylip Brake
This language path goals to supply the reader with a operating wisdom of Welsh in 3 months. The booklet explains easy grammar, utilizing brief routines and conversational drills to place it into context.
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Additional info for Welsh in Three Months (Hugo)
Other measures of implicit knowledge). Two research questions were formulated accordingly: (1) Is there a positive relationship between participants’ ability to repeat grammatical structures correctly and their ability to correct ungrammatical structures in the Oral EI Test? (2) Is there a relationship between participants’ performance on the Oral EI Test and performance on other “time-pressured” tests of L2 language use? (Erlam, 2009: 74). The results pointed to the EIT constituting a valid measure of implicit knowledge: (1) the EIT was reconstructive because the participants’ ability to repeat grammatically correct items was found to have a strong positive correlation with their ability to correct ungrammatical items.
It can be noted that the majority of the hypotheses were or at least partially sustained by the results, but two of them were exceptions–Hypotheses 4 and 6. It was expected in Hypothesis 4 that scores on the MKT Part1 and Part 2 would not be significantly correlated because these two parts measured different aspects of metalingusitic knowledge. Elder hypothesised that “a learner can have explicit knowledge of target language rules without having command of the technical language that is often used by teachers and textbook writers to communicate such rules to language learners” (Elder, 2009: 134).
Timed Grammaticality Judgment Test (TGJT) This is a computer-delivered test consisting of 68 sentences (see Appendix B), evenly divided between grammatical and ungrammatical. The sentences, which are different from those in the imitation test, were presented in written form on the computer screen. Thus, there 58 were four sentences to be judged for each of the 17 grammatical structures. Examples of sentences for modals are as follows: I must to brush my teeth now. (Ungrammatical) I can to speak French very well.