By Gilles Deleuze
“One day, maybe, this century might be Deleuzian,” Michel Foucault as soon as wrote. This e-book anthologizes forty texts and interviews written over twenty years by way of well known French thinker Gilles Deleuze, who died in 1995. The early texts, from 1953-1966 (on Rousseau, Kafka, Jarry, etc.), belong to literary feedback and announce Deleuze’s final e-book, Critique and medical institution (1993). yet philosophy essentially predominates within the remainder of the booklet, with sharp value determinations of the thinkers he continuously felt indebted to: Spinoza, Bergson. extra amazing is his acknowledgement of Jean-Paul Sartre as his grasp. “The new subject matters, a undeniable new type, a brand new competitive and polemical method of elevating questions,” he wrote, “come from Sartre.” however the determine of Nietzsche is still by means of a ways the main seminal, and the presence all through of his associates and shut collaborators, Felix Guattari and Michel Foucault. The e-book stops presently after the ebook of Anti-Oedipus, and provides one of those family tree of Deleuze’s proposal in addition to his try to go away philosophy and attach it to the outside—but, he cautions, as a thinker.
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Additional info for Desert Islands and Other Texts (1953-1974)
In fact, just as degrees are explained by difference and not the reverse, so intensities are explained by inversion and presuppose it. There is no immobile and stable Being as principle; the point of departure is contraction itself; it is duration, whose relaxation is inversion. g. "91 But why is relaxation the inverse of contraction, and not contraction the inverse of relaxation? Because philosophy precisely begins with difference, and because difference of nature is that duration of which matter is only the lowest degree.
The differentiations of the elan vital arc, in a more profound way, the degrees of difference itself. And the products of differentiation are objects in absolute conformity with the object, at least in their purity, because they are in fact nothing other than the complimentary position of the different degrees of the concept itself. It is in this sense again that the theory of differentiation is less profound than the theory of nuances or degrees. The virtual now defines an absolutely positive mode of existence.
Therefore, either philosophy proposes for itself this means (differences of nature) and this end (to arrive at internal difference), or else it will have merely a negative or generic relation to things and will end up a part of criticism and mere generalities—in any case, it will run the risk of ending up in a merely external state of reflection. "4 This unity of the thing and the concept is internal difference, which one reaches through differences of nature. Intuition is the joy of difference.