By Herbert N. Foerstel
From colonial occasions to the current, the media in the United States has been topic to censorship demanding situations and rules. This entire reference advisor to media censorship presents in-depth assurance of every media format?newspapers, magazines, films, radio, tv, and the Internet?all of which were, and remain, battlegrounds for First modification concerns. each one media layout is tested in-depth, from its origins and background via its glossy improvement, and lines dialogue of landmark incidents and situations. Foerstel, writer of Banned within the america, the acclaimed reference consultant to ebook censorship in colleges and public libraries, deals a short heritage of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of 7 landmark incidents, and comprises 31 correct complaints. Complementing the quantity are own interviews with fashionable sufferers of media censorship, who provide human voice to the fight of the media to stay loose, and an exam of censorship of the coed press. attention-grabbing examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zengers prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the fashionable tobacco industrys invocation of tortious interference to silence tv information and the present rash of web censorship incidents. bankruptcy 1 deals a quick historical past of censorship of every of the media kinds. bankruptcy 2 gains indepth research of 7 landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, revolutionary magazines expos^De at the H-bomb mystery, executive labeling of 3 documentary motion pictures as political propaganda, televisions tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellons try and censor scholars entry to the net. bankruptcy three examines 31 media censorship proceedings from 1735 to 1997. bankruptcy four gains particular interviews with media figures interested in censorship concerns or cases?Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a glance at censorship and reaction in regards to the pupil press throughout the Nineteen Nineties, after the landmark Hazelwood choice in 1988?an very important subject for college kids in each highschool. Appendix B includes a source record of media advocacy and censorship corporations. a specific bibliography of books and digital assets completes the textual content. This quantity is of curiosity to school and school scholars, lecturers, librarians and students, and all people who are stricken by those an important First modification matters.
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From colonial occasions to the current, the media in the US has been topic to censorship demanding situations and rules. This entire reference advisor to media censorship presents in-depth assurance of every media layout? newspapers, magazines, movies, radio, tv, and the net? all of which were, and stay, battlegrounds for First modification concerns.
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Additional info for Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet
Correct standards of life, subject only to the requirements of drama and entertainment, shall be presented. 3. Law-divine, natural or human-shall not be ridiculed, nor shall 36 sympathy be created for its violation. Controversial subjects like drug addiction, prostitution and childbirth could now be treated "within the careful limits of good taste," but prohibitions were added on blasphemy, mercy killing, double entendre, physical violence, and insults to races, religions and nationalities. Mention of the word "abortion" was specifically forbidden, as was any "inference" of sexual perversion.
Held that it was unconstitutional for the Library of Congress, acting in apparent acquiescence to the wishes of Congress, to cease producing copies of Playboy magazine in braille. In American Council of the Blind v. Boorstin, the court found that the library had eliminated Playboy from its braille program solely because of the magazine's sexual orientation. Such an action, said the court, was "viewpoint discrimination" and therefore unconstitutional. The government argued that the blind have no special right to a federal subsidy, such as the braille program, but the court concluded that A Brief History of Media Censorship • 17 once such a subsidy is conferred, "the government cannot deny it on a basis that impinges on freedom of speech.
It was a time of great cowardice, and many talented people were kept off the air. 53 Halberstam noted that it was not just the right wing that worried broadcasters; it was the government as well. "All of this produced a desire among network executives not to do anything that might offend either the government or Madison Avenue," said Halberstam. "54 Halberstam described a "cleansing of the airwaves" that extended to the news departments, where even the reigning star of television news, Edward R.