By James D. Batteas, Chris A. Michaels, Gilbert C. Walker
Applications of Scanned Probe Microscopy to Polymers stresses the research of polymer and biopolymer surfaces utilizing the ever-expanding methodologies of scanned probe microscopies. This ebook comprises reviews of optical homes through near-field methodologies, neighborhood mechanical homes of polymer movies via AFM, the dynamics and mechanics of unmarried molecules probed via AFM, and methodologies for more advantageous imaging modes. a major concentration of this e-book is the quantitative dimension of floor homes via scanned probe innovations, which illustrates how the sphere has advanced and what new demanding situations lie forward. purposes of Scanned Probe Microscopy to Polymers should be beneficial to scholars and execs trying to find reviews that illustrate what forms of polymer fabric homes might be probed through scanned probe microscopies.
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Additional resources for Applications of Scanned Probe Microscopy to Polymers
As these interfaces are not planar, but rather more closely approximate the internal surfaces of a sphere, it is believed the ions tend to migrate to the uppermost and lowermost regions of the droplet, leading to formation of a nonuniform space charge field within the droplet. The largest space charge fields occur along the central axis of the droplet and decay rapidly as a function of radial distance towards the outer (circumferential) droplet regions. Hence, the applied field and liquid crystal dynamics are perturbed to a smaller extent in outer droplet regions.
22. Hall, J. ; Higgins, D. A. Poly. Mater. Sci. Eng. 2003, 88, 186. 23. ; Grober, R. Appl. Phys. Lett. 1995, 66, 1842. 24. Higgins, D. ; Hall, J. ; Mei, E. J. Phys. Chem. B. 2001, 105, 5874. 25. ; Higgins, D. A. J. Phys. Chem. 1998, 102, 7558. 26. Higgins, D. ; Luther, B. J. J. Chem. Phys. 2003, 119, 3935. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2005. Chapter 4 Chemical Imaging of Heterogeneous Polymeric Materials with Near-Field IR Mircroscopy 1 2 1 Chris A. Michaels , D.
The resultant three dimensional data set includes two spatial dimensions and a spectral dimension. This illumination mode microscope is based on a near-field probe fabricated by tapering and metal coating an IR transmitting, single mode, fluoride glass optical fiber. The etching methodology is similar to that used in the fabrication of NSOM tips from glass and chalcogenide fibers (26,27). 04 M ZrOCl ) and a 2,2,4 trimethylpentane organic overlayer for 20 minutes. The apertures are formed by sequential vapor deposition of two 80 nm -100 nm thick Al or Ag films on rotating fiber tapers held at an angle of approximately 15° with respect to the deposition source.