Download America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society by Lisa S. Nelson PDF

By Lisa S. Nelson

Using biometric know-how for identity has long past from Orwellian fable to daily truth. This expertise, which verifies or acknowledges a person's identification in keeping with physiological, anatomical, or behavioral styles (including fingerprints, retina, handwriting, and keystrokes) has been deployed for such reasons as struggling with welfare fraud, screening aircraft passengers, and picking terrorists. The accompanying controversy has pitted those that compliment the technology's accuracy and potency opposed to advocates for privateness and civil liberties. In the United States pointed out, Lisa Nelson investigates the complicated public responses to biometric expertise. She makes use of societal perceptions of this actual id expertise to discover the values, ideals, and ideologies that impact public attractiveness of know-how. Drawing on her personal broad learn with concentration teams and a countrywide survey, Nelson unearths that issues of privateness, anonymity, belief and self belief in associations, and the legitimacy of paternalistic executive interventions are very important to clients and power clients of the expertise. She examines the lengthy background of presidency platforms of identity and the controversies they've got encouraged; the influence of the knowledge expertise revolution and the occasions of September eleven, 2001; the normative worth of privateness (as against its basically felony definition); where of surveillance applied sciences in a civil society; belief in executive and mistrust in the improved function of presidency; and the stability among the necessity for presidency to act to avoid damage and the prospective chance to liberty in government's activities.

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Additional resources for America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society

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In truth, retinal scans for the purposes of biometric identification make use of only a few images and are focused only on a small portion of the retina. However, despite the fact that the societal perception might be erroneous, the belief that a certain kind of biometric identifier is more invasive or dangerous than others will continue to affect its relative success because it is viewed as invasive to bodily integrity. Societal perceptions of biometric identifier quality also might undermine social acceptability.

The attractiveness of 48 Chapter 1 voice recognition for the financial industry lies in its convenience, efficiency, and customer acceptance. For these reasons, voice verification is often used in concert with other forms of identification, incorporating a password with a voice biometric. The quality concerns that might have affected societal perceptions are mitigated by other advantages of this institutional use. Voice verification may not, in other words, be socially acceptable if it is used in a one-to-many situation.

Biometric identification systems using any of the many identifiers face challenges in achieving technological maturity and gaining societal acceptance. Societal perceptions of biometric identifiers vary according to the type of human interface required with the sensor at the point of collection, the quality of the biometric identifiers, the institutional objective, and the management of the database, among other issues. Despite these factors, at the most basic level, biometric technologies “are automated methods of verifying or recognizing the identity of a living person based 38 Chapter 1 on a physiological or behavioral characteristic” (Wayman et al.

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