By Ian D. Armour
A historical past of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation presents a finished, authoritative account of the area in the course of a stricken interval that comprehensive with the 1st global conflict. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant topics that experience outlined jap Europe within the smooth interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - when chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a unique thought and position. designated insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this intriguing new version, Ian Armour contains findings from new study into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to strategies of empire. Armours insightful consultant to early japanese Europe considers the real figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are the most important to a rounded knowing of the area in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- a completely up to date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 invaluable maps
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Additional resources for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
This split between Roman Catholicism, as we know it today, in the west, and Greek Orthodoxy, in the east, has shaped Eastern Europe ever since. For the pagan peoples who arrived in Eastern Europe over the centuries and were converted to Christianity found themselves the objects of a competition between east and west to retain their religious loyalty. Broadly speaking, those converted from the direction of Rome stayed with the Latin rite, while those who owed their conversion to Byzantium followed Orthodoxy.
It was in response to this that Frederick II of Prussia offered to ‘defend’ the Habsburg Monarchy in return for the wealthy duchy of Lower Silesia. When Maria Theresa rejected this transparent blackmail, Frederick marched his troops into the duchy in December 1740. Despite bitter fighting the Monarchy failed to dislodge the Prussians, and by the summer of 1741 an anti-Austrian coalition had been formed, consisting of Bavaria, France, Spain, Prussia and Saxony–Poland. Only Russia offered assistance, but was promptly distracted by a French-inspired attack from Sweden.
In 1797 the Habsburg Monarchy was forced to come to terms with France; by the Treaty of Campo Formio it lost its possessions in the Low Countries and most of northern Italy, and accepted French gains at the expense of the Holy Roman Empire, but was compensated with the territory of the Venetian Republic. Renewed war led to renewed defeat and in 1801 the Habsburgs conceded an even greater French presence within the Holy Roman Empire. The news that Napoleon was set to crown himself emperor of the French prompted Francis II to proclaim himself the first emperor of Austria in 1804.